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"Happiness is not an accident. Nor is it something you wish for. Happiness is something you design." ~ Jim Rohn

Make Mine Freedom

Wednesday, July 25, 2012

Terms of Sitting Senators

I am currently working on a piece about why congressional term limits WILL NOT work, and SHOULD NOT be implemented. While researching for the piece, I have compiled some spreadsheets about the terms of sitting Senators and Representatives.The information in the following table will be outdated to some extent in November, but it is very interesting and telling.

As you can tell, the table is sorted in descending order by the time in office or by the number of terms. Please scroll to the bottom of the table to see an explanation of the column heads.

Senators Party ST Cl* DC1 Sen2 TIO3 Term(s)4
Inouye, Daniel K. D HI III 1959 1963 49 8.167
Levin, Carl D MI II 1968 1969 43 7.167
Leahy, Patrick J. D VT III 1974 1975 37 6.167
Hatch, Orrin G. R UT I 1976 1977 35 5.833
Lugar, Richard G. R IN I 1976 1977 35 5.833
Baucus, Max D MT II 1978 1979 33 5.500
Cochran, Thad R MS II 1972 1979 33 5.500
Grassley, Chuck R IA III 1974 1981 31 5.167
Bingaman, Jeff D NM I 1982 1982 30 5.000
Lautenberg, Frank R. D NJ II 1982 1983 29 4.833
Harkin, Tom D IA II 1974 1985 27 4.500
Kerry, John F. D MA II 1984 1985 27 4.500
McConnell, Mitch R KY II 1984 1985 27 4.500
Rockefeller, John D.,   D WV II 1984 1985 27 4.500
Conrad, Kent D ND I 1986 1987 25 4.167
McCain, John R AZ III 1982 1987 25 4.167
Reid, Harry D NV III 1982 1987 25 4.167
Shelby, Richard C. R AL III 1986 1987 25 4.167
Kohl, Herb D WI I 1988 1989 23 3.833
Lieberman, Joseph I. I CT I 1988 1989 23 3.833
Mikulski, Barbara A. D MD III 1986 1989 23 3.833
Akaka, Daniel K. D HI I 1976 1991 21 3.500
Boxer, Barbara D CA III 1983 1993 19 3.167
Feinstein, Dianne D CA I 1992 1993 19 3.167
Hutchison, Kay Bailey R TX I 1993 1993 19 3.167
Senators Party ST Cl* DC1 Sen2 TIO3 Term(s)4
Murray, Patty D WA III 1992 1993 19 3.167
Inhofe, James M. R OK II 1994 1994 18 3.000
Kyl, Jon R AZ I 1987 1995 17 2.833
Snowe, Olympia J. R ME I 1978 1995 17 2.833
Wyden, Ron D OR III 1981 1996 16 2.667
Collins, Susan M. R ME II 1996 1997 15 2.500
Durbin, Richard J. D IL II 1996 1997 15 2.500
Enzi, Michael B. R WY II 1996 1997 15 2.500
Johnson, Tim D SD II 1986 1997 15 2.500
Landrieu, Mary L. D LA II 1996 1997 15 2.500
Reed, Jack D RI II 1996 1997 15 2.500
Roberts, Pat R KS II 1980 1997 15 2.500
Sessions, Jeff R AL II 1996 1997 15 2.500
Crapo, Mike R ID III 1992 1999 13 2.167
Schumer, Charles E. D NY III 1998 1999 13 2.167
Cantwell, Maria D WA I 2000 2001 11 1.833
Carper, Thomas R. D DE I 1982 2001 11 1.833
Nelson, Ben D NE I 2000 2001 11 1.833
Nelson, Bill D FL I 2000 2001 11 1.833
Stabenow, Debbie D MI I 2000 2001 11 1.833
Alexander, Lamar R TN II 2002 2003 9 1.500
Chambliss, Saxby R GA II 2002 2003 9 1.500
Cornyn, John R TX II 2002 2003 9 1.500
Graham, Lindsey R SC II 2002 2003 9 1.500
Murkowski, Lisa R AK III 2002 2003 9 1.500
Senators Party ST Cl* DC1 Sen2 TIO3 Term(s)4
Pryor, Mark L. D AR II 2002 2003 9 1.500
Burr, Richard R NC III 1994 2005 7 1.167
Coburn, Tom R OK III 1994 2005 7 1.167
DeMint, Jim R SC III 1998 2005 7 1.167
Isakson, Johnny R GA III 1999 2005 7 1.167
Thune, John R SD III 1996 2005 7 1.167
Vitter, David R LA III 1999 2005 7 1.167
Cardin, Benjamin L. D MD I 1986 2006 6 1.000
Menendez, Robert D NJ I 1993 2006 6 1.000
Barrasso, John R WY I 2006 2007 5 0.833
Brown, Sherrod D OH I 2006 2007 5 0.833
Casey, Robert P., Jr. D PA I 2006 2007 5 0.833
Corker, Bob R TN I 2006 2007 5 0.833
Klobuchar, Amy D MN I 2006 2007 5 0.833
McCaskill, Claire D MO I 2006 2007 5 0.833
Sanders, Bernard I VT I 1990 2007 5 0.833
Tester, Jon D MT I 2006 2007 5 0.833
Webb, Jim D VA I 2006 2007 5 0.833
Whitehouse, Sheldon D RI I 2006 2007 5 0.833
Begich, Mark D AK II 2008 2009 3 0.500
Franken, Al D MN II 2008 2009 3 0.500
Gillibrand, Kirsten E. D NY I 2008 2009 3 0.500
Hagan, Kay R. D NC II 2008 2009 3 0.500
Johanns, Mike R NE II 2008 2009 3 0.500
Merkley, Jeff D OR II 2008 2009 3 0.500
Senators Party ST Cl* DC1 Sen2 TIO3 Term(s)4
Risch, James E. R ID II 2008 2009 3 0.500
Shaheen, Jeanne D NH II 2008 2009 3 0.500
Udall, Mark D CO II 1999 2009 3 0.500
Udall, Tom D NM II 1998 2009 3 0.500
Warner, Mark R. D VA II 2008 2009 3 0.500
Wicker, Roger F. R MS I 2008 2009 3 0.500
Brown, Scott P. R MA I 2010 2010 2 0.333
Ayotte, Kelly R NH III 2010 2011 1 0.167
Bennet, Michael F. D CO III 2010 2011 1 0.167
Blumenthal, Richard D CT III 2010 2011 1 0.167
Blunt, Roy R MO III 2010 2011 1 0.167
Boozman, John R AR III 2010 2011 1 0.167
Coats, Daniel R IN III 1980 2011 1 0.167
Coons, Christopher A. D DE II 2010 2011 1 0.167
Heller, Dean R NV I 2011 2011 1 0.167
Hoeven, John R ND III 2010 2011 1 0.167
Johnson, Ron R WI III 2010 2011 1 0.167
Kirk, Mark R IL III 2000 2011 1 0.167
Lee, Mike R UT III 2010 2011 1 0.167
Manchin, Joe, III D WV I 2010 2011 1 0.167
Moran, Jerry R KS III 2010 2011 1 0.167
Paul, Rand R KY III 2010 2011 1 0.167
Portman, Rob R OH III 2010 2011 1 0.167
Rubio, Marco R FL III 2010 2011 1 0.167
Toomey, Patrick J. R PA III 2010 2011 1 0.167

Avg Time in Office 12.12 Years
Avg Terms Served 2.02 Terms

*class - Article I, section 3 of the Constitution requires the Senate to be divided into three classes for purposes of elections.  Senators are elected to six-year terms, and every two years the members of one class—approximately one-third of the senators—face election or reelection.  Terms for senators in Class I expire in 2013, Class II in 2015, and Class III in 2017.

(1) The year each Senator was elected to Congress.

(2) The year each Senator took the oath of office. If there is more than one year's difference between this date and the year elected to congress (1), that Senator was previously a Representative for that period of time.

(3) Time In Office - This is arrived at by subtracting the year elected to the Senate (2) from 2012.

(4) Terms - The Constitution sets the term of Senators at 6 years. Consequently, the number of terms is determined by dividing the TIO by 6.